The Abstract – How To Write A PhD
- What is the reason for writing the thesis?
- What are the current approaches and gaps in the literature?
- What are your research question(s) and aims?
- Which methodology have you used?
- What are the main findings?
- What are the main conclusions and implications?
- Give a good first impression by writing in short clear sentences
- Don't repeat the title in the abstract
- Don't cite references
- Use keywords from the document
- Respect the word limit
- Don't be vague - the abstract should be a self contained summary of the research, so don't introduce ambiguous words or complex terms
- Focus on just four or five essential points, concepts, or findings. Don't, for example, try to explain your entire theoretical framework
- Edit it carefully. Make sure every word is relevant (you haven't got room for wasted words) and that each sentence has maximum impact
- Avoid lengthy background information
- Don't mention anything that isn't discussed in the thesis
- Avoid overstatements
- Don't spin your findings, contribution or significance to make your research sound grander or more influential that it actually is.
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